NOVEMBER 17: WORLD PHILOSOPHY DAY!!!

Hello everyone. I hope you’re having a good day…!!!TGIS is back with a new theme! So Let’s celebrate philosophy day with TIGS..

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization has declared each third Thursday in November to be World Philosophy Day, why?

As Irina Bokova, Director General of UNESCO, put it: “Faced with the complexity of today’s world, philosophical reflection is above all a call to humility, to take a step back and engage in reasoned dialogue, to build together the solutions to challenges that are beyond our control. This is the best way to educate enlightened citizens, equipped to fight stupidity and prejudice. The greater the difficulties encountered the greater the need for philosophy to make sense of questions of peace and sustainable development.”

In establishing World Philosophy Day, UNESCO highlighted the importance of this discipline, especially for young people, underlining that “philosophy is a discipline that encourages critical and independent thought and is capable of working towards a better understanding of the world and promoting tolerance and peace.”

On this day of collective exercise in free, reasoned and informed thinking on the major challenges of our time, all of UNESCO’s partners are encouraged to organize various types of activities – philosophical dialogues, debates, conferences, workshops, cultural events and presentations around the general theme of the Day, with the participation of philosophers and scientists from all branches of natural and social sciences, educators, teachers, students, press journalists and other mass media representatives, and the general public.

TODAY I BRING A LIST OF MOVIES THAT HAVE PHILOSOPHICAL MESSAGES ENCODED FOR THE AUDIENCE

1. Rope (1948, Alfred Hitchcock)

Hitchcock, the master of suspense, toys with his audience, repels and lures them to a world of shock. Rope is one of his most audacious films ever, purposely created as a one-shot film: an experiment in real-time.

Starring in this underrated classic are James Stewart, Farley Granger and John Dall. It contains the most unique filmmaking of its time and the view of superior and inferior human beings. The film is based on the 1924 Leopold-Loeb case, the story of two homosexual law students in Chicago who murdered a 14 year old boy for kicks to prove they were intelligent and could get away with it.

This is an anti-existentialist movie, and James Stewart discovers to his horror that, following existentialism principles, two of his students have killed their classmate. James Stewart at the end realizes that depending on this philosophy only produces suffering for the follower and the people around him. This movie brings up references to the Nietzsche philosophy “Ubermensch,” as well as containing Freudian allusions.

2. The Truman Show (1998, Peter Weir)

The Truman Show stars Jim Carrey as the main character. Everything about Truman is fake. His relationships, work, and his life was displayed for millions of TV viewers. What is real? This film is a reference to the thoughts of the great philosophers from Descartes to Sartre, Schopenhaur to Plato.

The Truman Show is an exceedingly disturbing movie, monitored by at least 5,000 cameras, broadcasting straight to the audience, available 24/7. It is as if we are the God who created Mr. Truman, watching him, following him and everything else he does, and unfortunately he doesn’t even know that he is the main cogwheel of his own world. 
3. The Matrix (1999, The Wachowskis)

 Keanu Reeves is well-known for the role of Neo in The Matrix. He plays a computer programmer by day and a hacker by night. Neo’s life changes after receiving an enigmatic message on his computer when he begins searching for a man named Morpheus. Meeting this ambiguous man, eventually Neo learns that reality is actually very different from what he and most other people perceive it to be.

This movie contains a great deal of religious and philosophical theories, which have been brought up by many philosophers, and it is still being viewed and studied today in the academic world. Plato’s idea of what we see in this world is a mere shadow of what truly exists, and that we have not seen what the world really is via our eyes. W.E.B. Dubois’ concepts of the double consciousness are being discussed, along with Descartes’ ability to think for oneself.

4. Memento (2000, Christopher Nolan)

Christopher Nolan’s feature film Memento is an adaptation of a short story by Jonathan Nolan, “Memento Mori.”. Memento is a thought-provoking neo-noir psychological thriller film told in reverse and challenging in itself just to watch due to its non-linear, backwards narrative structure.

Nolan wants his audience to be part of Leonard’s life. Hence we are witnessing everything from an amnesia sufferer and ex-insurance investigator whom also investigated the brutal and cold-blooded rape and murder of his wife in a burglary, which caused him the amnesia due to a blow to his skull.

5. Love and Death (1975, Woody Allen)

Considered a satire of everything about Russians, from Fyodor Dostoyevsky to Sergei Eisenstein films, Woody Allen has managed to mix his Kafkian anxiety and Kierkegaard’s fearfulness into a nonstop comedy on war and peace, crime and punishment, and fathers and sons.

Allen plays Boris, who couldn’t sleep without the lights on until he reached thirty. He is about to be executed for a crime he didn’t commit. Throughout the movie, Allen spits out certain gags across the spectrum from other forms of visual mediums, such as Persona as a stylized parody, one-liners from Attila the Hun, and so on.

Draft by: Juilee Mhatre

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