The 12th standard results are out and science students have already decided which engineering branch they are going to pursue. In India it is said that ‘Pursue your dreams… be what you want to be in your life….after completing B.tech or MBBS.’ Traditionally, those two seem to be the most respectable and most rewarding fields in science.
That is anything but so. Here’s a list of 5 uncommon fields that a 12th standard pass out can pursue apart from the most common ones like engineering and medical.
The job description, broadly, of an actuary is ‘Measurement and management of financial risk in business and finance.’ Where there is any investment, there is a risk involved, an actuary analyses, measures and analyses the risk. This involves a knowledge about Mathematics, business and commerce and finance, but it is a great applied science field. The need for an actuary is…well, everywhere. Where there is business, there are investments and risks therefore there is a requirement for risk management.
Actuaries is one of the most lucrative fields there is, in fact the Wall street journal has ranked it #1 job many times.
Another Lucrative 21st century job is being a data scientist. With increasing use of computers in the 21st century there is an increasing collection of data. Hence an increasing need for people to manage and analyse big data. That is, in a nut shell, what a data scientist does.
3. Integrated Courses in Pure sciences.
There are courses which are Integrative of two degrees like BSc + MSc like Bioanalytical Sciences by Ramnarain Ruia College. These are 5 year courses which builds upon basics at the Undergrad level and upgrades to advance concepts and practicals in the later years. The main advantage of these courses over normal Bsc + MSc is continuity. Such courses are new and the syllabus is tailored according to the needs of Industry. Such courses are a connecting link between the academia and the industry, and the pharma industry would prefer people with more practical knowledge.
A marriage of Biology and Computers is Bio informatics. Bioinformatics is the application of computer technology to the management of biological information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied to gene-based drug discovery and development. The need for Bioinformatics capabilities has been precipitated by the explosion of publicly available genomic information resulting from the Human Genome Project.
The goal of this project – determination of the sequence of the entire human genome (approximately three billion base pairs) – will be reached by the year 2002. The science of Bioinformatics, which is the melding of molecular biology with computer science, is essential to the use of genomic information in understanding human diseases and in the identification of new molecular targets for drug discovery.
In recognition of this, many universities, government institutions and pharmaceutical firms have formed bioinformatics groups, consisting of computational biologists and bioinformatics computer scientists. Such groups will be key to unraveling the mass of information generated by large scale sequencing efforts underway in laboratories around the world.
Synthetic biology is the design and construction of new biological parts, devices and systems. It also involves the redesign of existing biological systems for any number of useful purposes. Craig Venter, a leader in this field, shook the biology community in 2008 by announcing that he had manufactured the entire genome of a bacterium by piecing together its chemical components. Two years later his team created “synthetic life” — DNA created digitally, and then printed and inserted into a living bacterium. And last year, syn-bio scientists created the first complete computational model of an actual organism.