.PDF-to-Papyrus- ThisWeekThatYear

Here’s a ThrowbackThursday with a twist. This one comes on a Wednesday. Why, you ask? Just for the heck of it.

In this segment, we take you back in time.

We shall cover some scientists that were born and some prominent events that happened in scientific history.

Have a good read!

TIMELINE– 21st-27th March

BIRTHS

LARRY PAGE– Born 26th March 1973

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Lawrence ‘Larry’ Page is an American computer scientist and Internet entrepreneur who co-founded Google Inc.with Sergey Brin, and is the CEO of Google’s parent company, Alphabet Inc. After stepping aside as CEO in August 2001 in favour of Eric Schmidt, Page re-assumed the role in April 2011. He announced his intention to step aside a second time in July 2015 to become CEO of Alphabet, under which Google’s assets would be reorganized. Under Page, Alphabet is seeking to deliver major advancements in a variety of industries. Page is the inventor of PageRank, Google’s best-known search ranking algorithm.

Page is a board member of the X Prize Foundation (XPRIZE) and was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2004. Page received the Marconi Prize in 2004.

WILHELM RONTGEN- Born 27th March 1845

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Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen was a German physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range known as X-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901. In honour of his accomplishments, in 2004 the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) named element 111, roentgenium, a radioactive element with multiple unstable isotopes, after him.

THIS WEEK IN SCIENTIFIC HISTORY-

Round-the-world balloon flight 21st March

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In 1999, a balloon achieved the first non-stop round-the-world balloon flight. After 20 days of flight, the experimental Breitling Orbiter 3 balloon, flown by Brian Jones and Bertrand Piccard, touched down in the Egyptian desert. Bertrand is the grandson of the balloon flight pioneer, Auguste Piccard.

Lumieres’ first movie 22nd March

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 In 1895, the first motion picture shown on a screen was presented by Auguste and Louis Lumière. An invited audience at 44 Rue de Rennes in Paris, France, viewed the film La Sortie des ouvriers de l’usine Lumière. The film they shot especially for the occasion shows workers leaving the Lumières’ own factory in Lyon, which made all kinds of photographic products. The workers streamed out, most on foot and some on bicycles.

 Moon photographed 23rd March

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In 1840, Englishman John William Draper took the first successful photo of the Moon. He made a daguerreotype, a precursor of the modern photograph. Image: another daguerreotype from 1851, the earliest surviving moon image.

TV demonstration 25th March

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In 1925, the first public demonstration of his television system was held by John Logie Baird at the Selfridges department store, Oxford Street, London. It would be ten years before the introduction in Britain of televisions with higher definition on 2 Nov 1936. « [Image: an early television picture exhibited for viewing by the public.]

 Long-distance phone call  26th March

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In 1884, the first long-distance telephone call was made, between Boston and New York City. Branch managers of the American Bell Telephone Company in Boston called their counterparts in New York City. Although they reported the call was perfectly clear, maintaining clarity on long-distance phone calls proved problematic until the early 1900s, when Michael Pupin devised a method to transmit telephone signals over long distances. The Bell Telephone Company bought his long-distance telephone patent in 1901.

Our preferred website for reference- http://www.todayinsci.com

REFERENCE AND DRAFT BY- Ishaan Patil

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